The economy of Ethiopia in general and in Oromia in particular is dominated by smallholder farmers, which accounts for about 89% of the total population engaged in agriculture. Consequently, food insecurity has been frequent whereby vulnerability and variability of access to food, including low intake of food is seen commonly.
This situation is mainly attributed to the following factors:
- Fragmented farmland holding, thus low yields at household level that would be impacting negatively on the supply side of food. This is because of the extensive farming system accustomed to for subsistence not commercialization, which requiring intensive type for increasing yields.
- Population increases, reducing farmland holding, further affecting environmental situation as a resulting of claiming new extensive farmland, and thus carrying out deforestation influencing ecosystem and climate change – increased local warming and decreased seasonal rainfall amount, counter acting agro crop production and productivity.
These circumstances are affecting livelihood of farming community and causing food insecurity, which has been frequently visible situation in the country that called upon OSRA and other Civil Society Organizations engaged in similar interventions to improve the livelihood of the rural communities
Consequently, OSRA is implementing different programs that contribute to the food security and livelihood of rural communities in its intervention areas:
The program constitutes:
a) Fattening and marketing of small ruminants
b) Zero grazing and dairy farm improvement
c) Women economic empowerment
d) Horticulture crop development